|Dr. Robert Puff||
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Nondual Highlights Issue #2078 Thursday, March 10, 2005
Brahman is real. 'The world [jagat] is illusion' is the stock
phrase of Sri Sankaracharya. Yet others say, `The world is
reality.' Which is true?
A: Both statements are true. They refer to different stages of development and are spoken from different points of view. The aspirant [abhyasi] starts with the definition, that which is real exists always. Then he eliminates the world as unreal because it is changing. The seeker ultimately reaches the Self and there finds unity as the prevailing note. Then, that which was originally rejected as being unreal is found to be a part of the unity. Being absorbed in the reality, the world also is real. There is only being in Self-realization, and nothing but being.
Q: Sri Bhagavan often says that maya [illusion] and reality are the same. How can that be?
A: Sankara was criticised for his views on maya without being understood. He said that (1) Brahman is real, (2) the universe is unreal, and (3) The universe is Brahman. He did not stop at the second, because the third explains the other two. It signifies that the universe is real if perceived as the Self, and unreal if perceived apart from the Self. Hence maya and reality are one and the same.
Q: So the world is not really illusory?
A: At the level of the spiritual seeker you have got to say that the world is an illusion. There is no other way. When a man forgets that he is Brahman, who is real, permanent and omnipresent, and deludes himself into thinking that he is a body in the universe which is filled with bodies that are transitory, and labours under that delusion, you have got to remind him that the world is unreal and a delusion. Why ? Because his vision which has forgotten its own Self is dwelling in the external, material universe. It will not turn inwards into introspection unless you impress on him that all this external, material universe is unreal. When once he realizes his own Self he will know that there is nothing other than his own Self and he will come to look upon the whole universe as Brahman. There is no universe without the Self. So long as a man does not see the Self which is the origin of all, but looks only at the external world as real and permanent, you have to tell him that all this external universe is an illusion. You cannot help it. Take a paper. We see only the script, and nobody notices the paper on which the script is written. The paper is there whether the script on it is there or not. To those who look upon the script as real, you have to say that it is unreal, an illusion, since it rests upon the paper. The wise man looks upon both the Paper and script as one. So also with Brahman and the universe.
Q: So the world is real when it is experienced as the Self and unreal when it is seen as separate names and forms?
A: Just as fire is obscured by smoke, the shining light of consciousness is obscured by the assemblage of names and forms, the world. When by compassionate divine grace the mind becomes clear, the nature of the world will be known to be not the illusory forms but only the reality. Only those people whose minds are devoid of the evil power of maya, having given up the knowledge of the world and being unattached to it, and having thereby attained the knowledge of the self-shining supreme reality, can correctly know the meaning of the statement `The world is real.' If one's outlook has been transformed to the nature of real knowledge, the world of the five elements beginning with ether [akasa] will be real, being the supreme reality, which is the nature of knowledge. The original state of this empty world, which is bewildering and crowded with many names and forms, is bliss, which is one, just as the egg-yolk of a multi-coloured peacock is only one. Know this truth by abiding in the state of Self.
- from Be As You Are, The Teachings of Sri Ramana Maharshi, edited by David Godman, posted to MillionPaths
The Buddha spoke about desire. He said that desire is the cause of all suffering - the root of all suffering. Desire is a very juicy word. Its got to be if has that much power that it can cause all of the suffering in the world. He didnt say most of the suffering or a lot of the suffering but all of it. Every single contraction of being is caused simply by desire. Its a very powerful force. So, its worth looking into this thing that is responsible for all of the suffering you have ever experienced.
One very obvious thing about desire that gets overlooked is that every desire is a lie. Every desire is based on the idea that things can be different than they are, and thats just never been true. Things have never been different than they are in that moment. You can even see how this lie might come to be because things almost always are different than they were, but they just are never different than they are. They are always the way they are. So, in observing this, we start to think we can take this constantly changing "way things are" and decide how its going to be next. Thats also based on a lie. Just look in your own experience. How often has it worked? How often have things turned out exactly the way you wanted them to be? Unfortunately, every now and then it happens, so we get hooked - like with a slot machine. Every now and then we get what we desired. But its a matter of random luck. If you desire enough things, every now and then youre going to get it right.
When people see this lie, they tend to accept the way things are. Its funny, though, acceptance often has the quality of defeat or resignation: Ill accept what is, but I dont have to like it! So, I invite you to consider another possibility. Its a strange possibility, but its actually very wonderful in its results. And that is to actually desire what is: meet what is with that same passion that you may have had for what could be or what you think should be happening. Meet what is with that kind of passion, with that force that is able to generate all the suffering in the world. Bring that force to bear on what is - on the truth instead of on a lie.
Theres another word for this: gratitude. Its different than acceptance. Acceptance is somehow lifeless; it lacks passion or juice. Thats why even though people may get that things are the way they are, they often go back to the "juice" of wanting things to be different. At least in desiring theres drama, theres intensity, passion, and life - even if it does result in suffering. But there is this other possibility: actually desiring what is wholeheartedly, really truly saying yes to this moment, to what is, exactly the way it is right now, bringing that kind of passion and aliveness to the way things are. This brings instant unlimited happiness because every desire is fulfilled!
The reason that people dont make this simple but radical choice to want what is, is because it is so simple. You dont even have to raise a finger. Nothing is needed. People shy away from this because in wanting what is the job description of the ego becomes "do nothing." There just really isnt anything left to do for the ego, for who you thought you were. Thats the price to be paid: to truly want what is, you have to give up the idea of being someone who can change what is. Theres no longer a place for that. Changing anything would be working at cross-purposes to what you desire.
Then you come up against this inescapable paradox that even your desire for things to be different than they are is something that you need to desire as it is. You cant leave that out. You cant leave out these desires that rise up - for a relationship or for money or for spiritual awakening or for the Truth. You have to meet those with this same gratitude. To realize that your own suffering has to be met with gratitude totally breaks open your heart.
Often when people are on a spiritual path, seeking the Truth, its just another more subtle, sophisticated, dressed-up desire because the Truth is right here, right now. No seeking is required. The Truth has never been anywhere but right here, right now. People who are seeking the Truth are really seeking after a better truth than the one theyve got. Its another form of desire. The invitation is to meet even that desire with gratitude. You have to want to want the Truth if that is what is present, even though wanting it is an impossibility and based on a lie. You still just open your arms and say yes.
And youre never done. Youre never done being grateful because what is, is always changing, always new. It is a completely new chance to be grateful. Whatever is happening has never happened before - whatever emotions, thoughts, sensations, and experiences are happening are completely fresh and new right now. The opportunity to meet them with gratitude and passionately desire what is, is always available. You never run out of things to be grateful for.
There is an interesting thing that happens when you desire what is: you start to desire what will be. In desiring what is, you step into where it is going; you step into the flow, into this mysteriously unfolding, ever-new moment. This powerful force called desire can either cause all the suffering in the world or - when turned to right here, right now - become this incredible power for flow, for beingness.
When that starts to happen, it is easy to get overly intrigued with that. It becomes this really fun thing - to apparently be manifesting something. Its actually a complete mystery how those two things are connected: your wanting something to happen and it happening. It would be just as accurate to say that it is a form of premonition. So, when that flow is happening, the temptation can be to get so intrigued with that, that you start to play with that. The second you get intrigued with how things are getting easier, its like saying Im grateful for the Truth as long as this flow-thing is happening. Its easy to be grateful when youre in the flow, and theres nothing wrong with it, but if you get too interested in it and turn away from this mysterious meeting of the moment with gratitude, then your gratitude is no longer unconditional.
You have to be willing to throw your heart open with gratitude even before theres any sense of the flow and even when flow is a distant memory. Thats where the life is, where the juice is coming from - even where this apparent flow is coming from. And the other thing about flow is that sometimes the shortest path between two points is through Hell, and thats the way flow is going to go sometimes. So, if you have the idea that flow looks like a flat tire being fixed really fast, you might discover that flow has a very different idea about how long you will be on the side of the highway and how late you will be to your next appointment.
Its not up to you how much suffering arises, which is devastating news to who you think you are if you are trying to get out of suffering. The good news is that it is up to something that is incredibly, profoundly wise, something that can see that the shortest path between two points goes through Hell sometimes. And sometimes it goes through heaven. It has no preference. It just sees where this unfoldment needs to go right now, and it doesnt hold back. Thats what has been happening all along anyway. Has your life ever stopped unfolding in spite of how often it seems not to have gone where you wanted it to go? It still goes, right? Something is in there steering it, unfolding it.
Its not some Truth "out there" that we need to be grateful for, some Truth that will show up some time in the future. Its right here, right now - just exactly the way everything is right now. Nothing is left out. Recognizing that whatever is, is only here for this moment - its only available in this moment and will never be just this way again - gives us this juice, this passion to meet it with gratitude.
The reason we dont dive in with gratitude in moments of suffering or pain is because there is a mistaken attitude that if we do that, things will stay the same. We think that by loving this moment the way it is and all of its pain (if thats what is present), we will get stuck, when actually the opposite is true. When we resist what is, it sticks around. When we embrace the moment, it naturally unfolds into the next new experience.
For example, it can seem to make sense for us to want to go to battle with our conditioning, which is behind our suffering, because our conditioning is so obviously a lie and it doesnt feel enlightened to have that conditioning, but when you fight it, it makes it seem really big. Youve made it into something, as if it had anything to do with who you really are.
On the other hand, if you take the perspective of embracing your conditioning instead of fighting it, you can easily see how ridiculous it is and laugh at it, and then it loses its potency. It is no longer a problem. It no longer controls you. Its just arising, and youre saying, "Great, wonderful, what a gas!" Then, it never even has a chance to turn into something called suffering. The event appears and the conditioned reaction to it appears, and a complete enjoyment of both happens, so any possibility of suffering is immediately swallowed. We arent unfamiliar with this process; this happens whenever something goes right. Every moment can be like this, where everything shows up, but nothing is a problem. Then, nothing that happens controls you.
What cuts through any suffering is simply choosing what is in every moment. Its not some complicated formula. Its simply meeting what is with passion and gratitude. It really isnt up to you how many times your conditioning keeps appearing. If it were up to you, it would have been done a long time ago, right?
So, the invitation is to find out for yourself what happens when you are willing to waste your desire on what is. Dont take my word for it. For just this moment, you can meet whatever is present with a passionate embrace. And then see if you can truly find any suffering here in this moment.
-Nirmala, satsang excerpt, Santa Cruz, 8/18/99
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