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upadESa undiyAr
by Bhagawan Sri Ramana Maharshi

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Synopsis of the Story of the futility of the vEdic and other actions to grant Self-Knowledge

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Grateful Remembrance of Sri Bhagawan on His Mahasamadhi Day

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New Insights into Self-Enquiry

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The Papadam Song by Sri Bhagawan

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Atma Bodha

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Dakshinamurthy Stotra

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Self-Knowing Song

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  The Story Relating to the Tamil Rendition of the Sanskrit Adi Shankara's Composition 'Atma Bodha'

Translated from pages 324-325 of  Smt Kanakammal's commentary on 'Translated Book Garland', the Sri-Ramana-Book-Aggregate.

by R.K. Shankar

A Brief Introduction to the Life of Adi Shankaracharya

A Brief Narration of the Way Sri Bhagawan happened to
render Sanskrit Atma Bodha into Tamil

Atma Bodham Gracefully Granted by Bhagawan Sri Ramana -
A Tamil Rendition of Bhagawan Adi Shankara's Sanskrit Text
 

A Brief Introduction to the Life of Adi Shankaracharya

0 Adi Shankaracharya was a jnani. He became a monk when
He was only 7 years old. His Guru was Sage Govinda. Of
course, the Guru was a jnani Himself. Shankara
attained Self-Realisation around the age of 16.

1 The Guru commanded Shankara to reestablish Vedic
religion in the whole of India. He argued with many
scholars, defeated them and made them His disciples.
He established Advaita Vedanta for the first time.

2 He wrote commentaries on Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads and
Brahma Sutra. He also wrote some original Sanskrit
Texts like Atma Bodha, and a few others.

A Brief Narration of the Way Sri Bhagawan happened to
render Sanskrit Atma Bodha into Tamil


1 There was a Muslim Tamil Scholar who knew Sanskrit a
little. This Muslim Scholar had rendered the Sanskrit
Atma Bodha into Tamil. One day, the 2 books containing
these Tamil renditions arrived by post. One devotee by
name MSR, handed over these 2 books to Sri Bhagawan
along with the daily post.

2 Sri Bhagawan as usual read all the posts that arrived
on the day. Then, He started repeatedly perusing
these 2 books of the Muslim scholar. At that time, Sri
Bhagawan seemed to be doing so, prompted by some inner
urge. Then, Sri Bhagawan handed over those 2 books to
be kept in the Library.

4 Then, He asked a devotee by name VR to bring the
original Sanskrit text 'Atma Bodha' He then started
repeatedly browsing through the Sanskrit Text.

5 Then, He spontaneously rendered the first 2 Atma Bodha
Sanskrit verses into 2 Tamil 'Venpas' (a Type of
Tamil Verse containing 4 lines, like say, sonnet in
English containing 14 lines) and recorded them in a
paper.

6 KS, a devotee, was watching this and asked Sri
Bhagawan, "It looks as if Sri Bhagawan is repeatedly
perusing some book. Which book is that?" Sri Bhagawan
then showed His first two '4-line Tamil renditions' of
Atma Bodha.

7 Seeing them, KS said, "It will be good, if in the same
way, the balance (66) verses are also written." Sri
Bhagawan then replied, "Right, right. Why all this?"
Sri Bhagawan said so because usually He never took any
initiative to do anything. His Nature was always to
be silent even physically.

8 But, something must have been prompting Him from
within. 2 days later, He rendered the next few Atma Bodha
Sanskrit verses into Tamil verses and showed them to
VR.

9 He said to VR, "If I keep quiet thinking why I should
write, this does not seem to leave me. One after the
other these come and stand (rise from within) before
Me (my mind). What do I do?"

10 After writing a few more verses, He said to VR,
"Hereafter, this will not leave me! Bring a notebook
for me to record these Tamil renditions!" Thus
saying, He showed even the Introductory Verse to VR.


11 Within very few days, Sri Bhagawan completed rendering
all the 68 Sanskrit Atma Bodha verses into 68 Tamil
4-line verses.

12 Then, He looked at the people there and said, "40
years ago, a small notebook containing some Malayalam
(a South-Indian language) writings reached here. In
that notebook, these Sanskrit Atma Bodha verses were
there. Then, no thought arose (in Me) to render them
into Tamil."

13 One devotee then replied, "For everything, should not
the (right) time come?" For that Sri Bhagawan said,
"Yes, Yes! Now when I write one 4-line verse, another
4-line verse appears (before my mind).

14 He further said, "It also looks as if I had read this
Atma Bodha earlier. Has anyone written this Atma
Bodha as 4-line Tamil verses before?"

15 "No one has written these as 4-line Tamil verses until
now", said Sri Muruganar. (Sri Muruganar was a Tamil
Teacher in a school, and a great poet in Tamil, and of
course, a great devotee of Sri Bhagawan) And
continuing, he further said, "What surprise is there
in these verses appearing one after another before Sri
Bhagawan? This is only similar to the way the Vedas
appear at the beginning of each cycle of creation
before the mind of Brahma (the God of Creation)"

16 It is the Hindu belief that creation occurs through
the God of Creation, namely, Brahma. And, Brahma
creates the world as per the Vedas. And, these Vedas
appear automatically before Him at the beginning of
each cycle of creation, to enable Him to create the
world according to the Regulations of the Vedas.

17 For that Sri Bhagawan said smiling, "That is right!
But, I hope no one comes to fight with me, saying that
he only composed these Tamil 4-line verses." Sri
Bhagawan said thus, because in India it is usual for
people to fight even on false grounds, on account of
jealousy or for getting the fame that some Divine
verses were first composed by them

18 Very few books were written by Sri Bhagawan of His own
volition. Most of them were written by some
persistent inner prompting. But unfortunately, the
incidents of how He was prompted from within, have
been recorded only in the case of a few books of Sri
Bhagawan.


Atma Bodham Gracefully Granted by Bhagawan Sri Ramana -
A Tamil Rendition of Bhagawan Adi Shankara's Sanskrit Text
 

Introducing Auspiciousness:
Will Shankara, who is the 'Spiritual Preceptor' gracefully granting the Knowledge of the Self, (ever) become '(He,) the one' apart from that (Supreme) Self?
Who else other than He (Shankara) of that kind, (who though abiding apparently in the body, is utterly bodiless abiding perpetually in the Self), is '(He,) the One' who is uttering (Atma Bodha in) Tamil today, abiding inside me (Ramana) as the Self?

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Verse 1:
Say, "This(!) (Text Atma Bodha) is(!) the Self-Knowledge fit to be attained by the one who has attained to the beginning of the release from destruction, having become the one with (the impressions of) sins ceasing by penances, having become the one with peace shining forth, (and) having become the one with ceased desire." 

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Verse 2:
Knowledge alone is the direct means for liberation.
Without Knowledge, the product of the other means, the attainment of Liberation will not happen, Know thus, (even) as cooking will not happen without fire. 

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Verse 3:
(Action) Is not a contradiction to ignorance; hence, action will not dispel ignorance itself *.
Only Knowledge will destroy ignorance.  Perceive thus, 'Just the way Light destroys the Darkness Aggregate.'   (* although, as supported below, desireless action dedicated to God will dispel the clouds covering over the path to Liberation.)   

Support for the explanation from Upadesa Undiyar verse 3:  

(But,) Work (done) without desire (for the fruit thereof), (and) dedicated to the (One Great) Doer (the Lord), will 'bring the mind-stuff into a state of fitness' (for merger into the Self). (And thus,) Will show the path to liberation.

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Verse 4:
Like the Self became hidden by ignorance,
with the Life (of ego) ceasing(!), that (ego) itself(!), becoming That One, will abide(!) filling of its own accord. (Such filling abidance of That One) Is like the abiding Sun(!), with the cloud going away of its own accord.

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Verse 5:
The Life, to which the 1 'impersonating knowledge' that is the 'ignorance' adjoins, on account of the 'practice of knowledge 2 that is pure' removing even that knowledge, will 'lose the hold of the ignorance upon It(self)',
akin to the 3 'tEtrAm powder', removing the 'blemish of dirt' in water.  

Explanatory Notes:

1 The Self alone is the Life Eternal. To that, adjoins the individual body-consciousness. This ego enacts the character of Self-Knowledge in the individual. And, this is ignorance.

2 Then the individual may practise Self-Enquiry to remove the ignorance. This is the pure practise of knowledge. But, this Self-Enquiry removes even the knowledge of the individual, of which it is a mode. Thus, the Life Eternal, loses the apparent hold of ignorance upon Itself. And, that is Liberation.

3 The way the Self-Enquiry process acts, is very much similar to the way 'tEtrAm powder' This is a Tamil Name, meaning 'clarifying powder'. This powder is used to clarify the unclean water. When put into unclean water, this powder sediments all the dirt in that water. And also, itself becomes sedimented. Thus, the clarified water is left over at the top.

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Verse 6:
Even the existence of 'the course of secular life' of mental modifications such as 'like', 'dislike', and such others, is akin to a dream.
That (dream-like secular existence), when it happens to 'rise, abide and grow' touching (with reference to) a Form (of a physical body), will shine(!) 'as if (it is) real.' At the time the Knowledge (of the Self, spontaneously) rises, even that (dream-like secular existence), will depart, becoming unreal  

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Verse 7:
"For however much time, the 'investigating into and the knowing of' Brahman (the Self) which is(!) the near abode of everything and is(!) immutable will not adjoin (a human being), for 'that measure of time' even the world will appear as if real (to that human being), like the shell-silver.", thus clearly and firmly conclude. 
(Note: The shell on the seashore appears and shines as silver, from a distance on a sunny afternoon, until one goes near and takes a close look at the shell.)  

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Verse 8:
Perceive that within(!) the 'Supreme Lord' (of the Self), that is(!) the First Cause and the Support of the Entire (manifestation), all universes having risen and abided (for a time) will subside, like the bubbles rising (within the waters of) the ocean

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Verse 9:
Satchidananda (Existence-Knowledge-Bliss) is within even all
(things). As 'He, the One who Wills' (to preserve all Manifestation) in the state of being the Preserver (of the World, the 2nd of the Sacred Triad, VishNu), He* (Satchidananda) is(!) blemishless (on account of His having duly discharged His duty of Preservation, through His maintaining all the forms manifested by the Creator, Brahma, in the substratum of the Formless Supreme Self).

Know that all the many appearances are not apart (from the Self) like the appearance of (ornaments like) bangles and others in (the substance of) gold.

* It is Satchidananda Himself who takes the Form of the Preserver, Lord VishNu.

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Verse 10:
Even the Lord, the Self,

(1) who consented to (assuming) the countless delimiting adjunct(/s) rising in the Lord,

(2) shining clear as (the countless stars) in the sky,

by those differentiating delimiting adjuncts, is like 'He, the one different' (from the Self, the non-self or the ego).

With those (delimiting adjuncts) departing, (He, the Self) is the Complete Truth.

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Verse 11:
The attribute(/s) beginning with (one's)
(1) station of life (unmarried, married, forest-dweller and all-renouncer), (2) community (to which one belongs),
(3) name (given to one's body, etc.,) are only about the delimiting adjuncts that are(!) many. Akin to taste, colour and others in water, in the Pure Self, know that those (station of life, etc.,) are an assumed decoration.

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Verse 12:
Abide (in the conviction) that this body,
(1) that is(!) the vessel, adjoined by the 'merged impression of past action', which is(!) the work of the intermingled great five elements,
(2) is the 'experiencing place' of any enjoyments of intermingling happiness (and) sorrow.

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Verse 13:
All the five vital airs are(!) the one instrument,
(1) not 'joyfully wandering about' in the enjoyment that is(!) the function of the subtle elements, (and)
(2) not polluted by the subtle body, (which is) adjoined by the instruments that are the mind-intellect emerging as the two-5s (5 instruments of work & wisdom each).

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Verse 14:
"(They, the wise) state the 'ignorance', not capable of being stated (about) thus (as being), 'primal', (or) 'of that type', (or) 'of this type', as (being) the primal delimiting adjunct."
Inquire into the 'Self not having (any) delimiting adjunct', as (being the One), other than the three bodies that are(!) the delimiting adjuncts being stated.

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Verse 15:
(1) All the five sheaths (of physical, vital, mental, intellectual and bliss, abide) on account of the(/ir) 'closely adjoined relationship' with the Source (of the Self).
 
(2) Although the Self too is blemishless, that pervasion (by the qualities of the five sheaths) by that (closely adjoining relationship of the five sheaths with the Self) will directly adjoin (the Self),
 
(3) (However,) akin only to the crystal becoming blemishless on account of the merger of blue vitriol and the fine cloth (getting wetted with corrosive blue vitriol, for wiping the crystal clean of its dark covering of the mass of dirt, the Self is), a thing not delimited (by any of the sheaths).

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Verse 16:
(1) Know that (you) must know the Pure Whole Self
(2) shining within (and) with the husk and others of the body of five sheath(/s),
(3) removing them (the five sheaths) by pounding (them) with firm sharp intelligence
(4) akin to (knowing) the rice (by pounding the rice-grain with the pestle, and removing the outer covering of husk etc.).

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Verse 17:
Though even the Self is abiding everywhere(!) and even on all days, the Self did not shine anywhere.
 Only in the pure intellect (the Self) will shine, in the manner the form appears (only) in the object (of a mirror) that is(!) blemishless  

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By request, Shankar has begun giving the English transliteration of the Tamil Verses:

Verse 18:
udalkaruvi yuLLa modubuddhi mAyai
vidavE RavatRin viruddhi - yudanE
yevaikkumE sAtchiyA mendRumAn mAvai
yavaikkarasan pOla aRi.

English Transliteration:

(1) (The Self is) Other than
(a) the maya and the intellect, alongwith
(b) the body, the instrument (of sense-organs), and the mind.

(2) Alongwith their accretion(!), know the Self,
that for all things(!) is(!) the Witness on all days,
to be akin to their King

For the standard of English Translation, the technique of Literal Translation originally used by Taimini has been adopted.

For the standard of English Transliteration of Tamil
kindly access the website
http://www.shaivam.org

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Verse 19:
karuvi gaLintrozhil kaNdavavi vEgi
karuththanpOn drAnmAvaik kANban - truritamA
yOdumE gankaN duNarvili chandiranE
yOdugiRA nenbadhai yoththu.

Transliteration:

The indiscriminate one will evaluate the Self being like the doer,
seeing the function of the instruments (of sense-organs),
(just) akin to the senseless one's saying that only the moon runs,
seeing the speedily going cloud.

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Verse 20:
gnanavoLi yAnmAvai naNNi yudalporikaN
mAnadham buddhiyivai mannuthamak - kAnathozhi
lAtridumA dhiththa naviroLiyAn makkadozhi
lAtruvadhu pOlu maRi.

Transliteration

Approaching the Light of Gnosis of the Self, these,
(1) the body,
(2) the eye, the (sense-)organ,
(3) the mind (and)
(4) the intellect, will perform the adjoining function(/s) pertaining to them(selves).

Know that it (such performance) is like
the people performing (their) function(/s)
by the 'clear piercing' Light of the Sun.

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Verse 21:
Degam poRiga digazhguNang gaLvinaiga
LAgumivai thUyasachchi tAnmAvil - mOgaththAR
kaRpippar sudhdha GaGanaththi nIlamudhaR
kaRpiththal pOlak karudhu. 21

Transliteration

(They, the ignorant) Will superimpose these that are
(1) the body,
(2) the sense-organs,
(3) the shining attributes, (and)
(4)the actions, in (/upon) the pure 'Existence-Knowledge'
Self, on account of delusion. Consider that (it is) like
superimposing the (colours) beginning from blue,
in(/upon) the pure sky

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Verse 22:
manamA mupAdhi maruvukarth thathva
vinamAya vatraiyaRi vinmai - yenumayalA
lAnmAviR kaRpippa rappalaivai nIrthOndrum
vAnmadhiyiR kaRpikku mARu

Transliteration

(They, the spiritually ignorant) will superimpose,
those of the category of 'doership',
into which merges the delimiting adjunct that is(!) the mind, in(/upon) the Self,
on account of the delusion
that is the 'absence of (Self-)Knowledge',
the way (the worldly ignorant) superimpose
in(/upon) the sky-moon (moon in the sky) appearing in
water, the movement of water (itself).

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Verse 23:
viruppAsai thunbinbu mElumivai pOlva
viruppavAm buddhi yiruppA - liruppillAth
thookkaththi lindradhanAR sondhamavai pundhikkE
yOrkkugavAn mAviRkA mO.

Transliteration

Fondness, desire, sorrow, happiness,
and additionally, such as these,
do(!) abide, because of the abidance of the intellect.
In the sleep without the abidance (of the intellect),
(these) do not abide.
Hence, they belong to the intellect alone.
Do (they belong) to the Self? Investigate.

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Verse 24:
arukkan dranakkoLi yappukkuth thatpa
merikkut taNamu miyalbA - yirukkaiyenach
chaththuchchith thAnandhanj chArniththanj chuththamiyal
boththadhAn mAvukken drOr.

Transliteration

" As
(1) light for the sun,
(2) coolness for water, and
(3) heat for fire, is naturally existing (as its attribute),
'Existence-Knowledge-Bliss-merging-nature of Eternal Purity'
adjoined the Self (as Its naturally existing attribute)," know thus.

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Verse 25:
chaththuchchith thennath thagumAnma vamsamum
buddhi viruddhi pugalondRu - moththa
viraNdOdu moodaththAl yAnaRigin dREnen
dRoruththan tRozhirpaduva nOr.

Transliteration

" 'I know,' thus 'he, the one (ignorant individual)'
will operate on account of ignorance,
with the two,
(1) the aspect of the Self fit to be called 'Existence-Knowledge', and
(2) the one knowledge-seat-body, merged," know thus.

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Verse 26:
endrum vikAra miladhAnmA buddhiyu
mendrumaRi vindRiyadhE yendRAlu - mondRiya
chIvanE yellAnth therivAnsey vAnkANbAn
bhAvaththAn mAmOgi pAr.

Transliteration

Even upon saying,
"(1) The Self is for ever without modification, (and)
(2) even the intellect is for ever only the one without Knowledge.",
only the (intellect-)adjoined (Self, or the) individual,
will know, do and see all,
on account of imaginative assumption (of the intellect),
see, the greatly deluded one(!)

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Verse 27:
ThannaiththAn jIvanenath thAmbilE pAmbupO
lunniyE yaccha muRugindrAn - thannaiththAn
jIvanalan yAnparamAn mAvendRu thErndhadhanA
lAvananjn jAnA yavan.

Transliteration

(He, the individual) self attains to fear only by
thinking of the self as 'he, the individual',
akin to (thinking of) the snake in the rope.

He (, the individual) will become 'he, the non-fearing',
on account of the self ascertaining the self to be thus,
" 'not he, the individual', (but) 'I, High Self'."

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Verse 28:
oruporuLA mAnmA voLirkku madhimun
karuvigaLaidh dheepan gadAdhi - poruva
voLiyi lavatRA lorupOdhu mAnmA v
oLirkkap padAdhen dRuNar.  

Sentience, etc., will adjoin the instruments (abiding), in front of the intellect illlumined by the Self, (that is) the One thing. Perceive that the Self will not be illumined even once by those insentient (instruments).

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Verse 29:
viLakki nuruvai viLakkida vERu
viLakkai virumbA vidhampOl - viLangu
maRivuruvA mAnmA vaRindhidath thannaip
piRidhaRivu vENdap peRAdhu.

Transliteration

(1)Like the way (we) do not desire (to hold) another lamp
to clarify the form of a lamp,

(2) the (self-) shining Self that is(!) of the form of
(Supreme) Intelligence, to know (It)self, will not happen
to require another intelligence.

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Verse 30:
nEthinEthi vAkkinA nIkki yupAdhiyelA

mIdhiyAnj cIvAnmA mIdhilA - vAdhiyA

mapparamAn mAkkaLi naikkiyamA vAkkiyangaL

cheppuva dhorndhu theLi  

Transliteration
 

Self-clarify by knowing what the Supreme Affirmations* state as,-
(1) the Oneness of all souls, (and)

(2) That Supreme which is(!) the Source with no(thing) above, to be,

(3) the individual Self becoming left over,

(4) (by) removing all the delimiting adjuncts,

(5) by the affirmation, 'Not this, Not this'.

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Verse 31:
aviddhaiyA lAnavai yAgamudhatR kANu
mivaikumizhi pOlavazhi veydhu - mivattRi
nayalA mamala vagambirama mAmen
dRayarAma lendRu maRi

Transliteration

(1) As those made up of ignorance, these (individual egos) seeing God outside,
(2) will attain to destruction like the bubble(s).
(3) 'The One which is(!) other than these (individual egos),
the blemishless inner Self, is(!) Brahman (the substratum of the universe)',
(4) know always, without perception slackening, thus.

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Verse 32:
udalukku vERenak kuNdAthan mUththa
lodukundRal sAvumudha londRA - padarndha
volimuR pulangaLO donRalenak kinRE
yalanpoRikaL yAnAdha lAl.

Transliteration

(1) Is (there) "mine" apart from (the) body?
(2) Alongwith maturation, reduction (of that mine) is death.
(3) (There) is not(!) for Me, the merging with the senses (beginning) from sound, spreading with one (ego) as the source.
(4) Not the sense-organs am I, therefore.

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Verse 33:
manamalanA nAdhalAn mannuthuya rAsai
sinamachcha mAdhiyenaich chErA - vinamAga
vappirA Nanmanamil lAnsuddha nendRumaRai
cheppugindRa dhandRo theLi

Transliteration

"(1) I am not the mind.
Hence, desire, anger, fear, etc. getting strong and established, will not adjoin me.
(2) With that vital energy becoming the good order, the One without mind, is the Pure One,"
thus does the Veda sound.
Is (that) not? (You) Be clarified (thus).

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Verse 34:
nirgguNani ranjana niththa nirAkAra
nirvikA ransuddha nitkiriya - nirvikaRpa
niththamuk thanmun nigazhththidap pattavai
yaththanaiyu nAnen drari

Transliteration

"(1) All that is made to be illumined in front of
(2) He, the attributeless, He, the darknessless, He, the destructionless, He, the Formless,
(3) He, the modificationless, He, the actionless, He, the differentiationless, (and) He, the Eternally Liberated,
(4) are I", know thus.

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Verse 35:
AgAyam pOla vakilaththi nuLveLiyAn
sAgAdhAn sarva samansiddhan - drEgAdhi
yAvatRum patRatRA nendRumama lansaliyA
nAvanA nendRE yaRi

Transliteration

"(1) He (the Self), the One (abiding) within and outside the universe, like
the sky,
(2) He, the undying, He, the One equal to All, He, the Ever-Liberated -
(3) He, the One unattached to everything beginning from the body,
He, the Ever-Blemishless, He, the Immutable,
(4) He is I," know thus.

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Verse 36:
edhuniththanch chuththa medhumuththa mEka
medhakaNda vinbiraN dilla - dhedhuchaththuch
chiththanantha mAgun thigazhap parapbirama
vaththuyA nEyA madhi.       

Transliteration

"(1) That which is Eternally Pure, that which is the Liberated and the One,
(2) that which is the Vast Bliss Non-dual,
that which is(!) the measureless Existence-Knowledge,
(3) (thus) shining that thing of ParaBrahman,
(4) reckon only as the 'I'.

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Verse 37:
nirandharanmiv vARu nigazhththap padumap
piramamE yAnAva nennu - muRudhi
yazhikkumaRi yAmai yalaivugaLai nOyga
Lozhikkumira sAyana moththu.   

Transliteration

 (1)  The conviction that 'I am only the Brahman
 (2)  lighting up (the measureless Existence-Knowledge) thus unceasingly',
 (3)  will destroy the waverings of ignorance,
 (4)  akin to the chemical destroying the diseases. 

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Verse 38:

EkAntha dEsath thirundhAsai yindRiveLi
pOgAdhu vendru porigaLai - yEkamA
yanthami lAnmAvai yanniyamil pundhiyanAych
chindhikka vENdun theri.

Transliteration

"(1) Abiding in a solitary spot, without desire,
(2) not going outside, levelling the senses,
(3) becoming the 'otherless' wise one,
(4) must think of the Endless Self as 'the One'." know (thus).

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Verse 39:
buddhimAn kANum poruLevaiyu mAnmAviR
buddhiyA londRal puriviththE - suddhamAm
viNNena vondRAy viLangidu mAnmAvai
yeNNuga veppOdhu mE.  

Transliteration

(1)  Performing(!) the merger by the intellect in the Self,
 (2)  of whichever thing (you,) the wise man see,
 (3)  always(!) think of the Self,
 (4)  shining clear as the One Sky that is(!) Pure.

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Verse 40:
uLLa dhuNarndhO nuruvam varuNAmudha
luLLa mayalga Lorungozhith - thuLLan
thigazhpari pUndRa chidAnandan thAnAth
thigazhndhiduva nALun theLi.

Transliteration

(1)  The One who perceived the Existent,
(2)  destroying 'completely at one time all' the existing delusions
beginning from incantation and form of incantation,
  (3)  will day after day 'contain within and possess' as the Self,
  (4)  the filling Knowledge-Bliss shining clear in the
         'Knowledge of the Form of the Self'." be clarified thus.

---

Verse 41:
aRivA naRivO daRipaduva bEdha
muRuparamAn mAvi luRAdhE - yaRivin
buruvAyon dRAyah dhuRuvadha nAtRRan
nuruvAlE thAnOLiru mOr.

Transliteration

(1) The differentiation of the known with the knowledge of the knower,
(2) will not 'adjoin and abide'(!) in the existing Supreme Self.
(3) Because 'That' exists,-
(a) as the 'One', and
(b) as the 'Form of Knowledge-Bliss',
(4) only by the Self-Form will (That) shine(!)", know thus.

---

Verse 42:
AnmA venumav varaNiyi livvidha
mAnmadh dhiyAna vagamadhanan - thAnmuyandRu
santhathanj cheydhalAR sArjnAnath thImadamai
yindhanamel lAmerikku mE.

Transliteration

(1) The Wisdom-Fire that adjoins,
(2) by (one)self always exerting (and) doing,
(3) the 'inner churning' of this type of '(Supreme)Self-Contemplation' in
the
'boundary' stated as that (ego-)self,
(4) will burn (down !) all the forest of ignorance.

---

Verse 43:
aruNanA lEyal lagaludhal pOnmun
maruvari vAlam madamai - yiriyavE
pongumAn mApari pUraNa mAgavE
pongumA dhiththanaip pOl.

Transliteration

(1) Akin to the 'thinning out and disappearance' of the darkness
by the (rise of the) Sun,
(2) with the ignorance 'thinning out and disappearing(!)'
by the intellect adjoining the Primal (Source of the Self),
(3) the blooming Self will bloom only as the Filling Completeness,
(4) like the blooming Sun (the rays of which fill the space hitherto
covered by darkness).

---

Verse 44:
AnmAvep pOdhu madaindhuLadhE yAnAlun
thAnmadamai yAladaiyA dhAyamaru - mAnmadiya
veydhappet RARpO lilagunthan kaNdavaNi
yeydhappet RARpOla vE 44

Transliteration

(1) Though the Self is always attained and existent,
(2) with itself, the delusion,
(a) abiding grown not having attained (the Self)
(b) by (the) ignorance (that I am this body),
passing away,
(3) will abide like having happened to be attained (anew),
(4) just like one's necklace (that was all the time on the neck) happenedto be attained (anew on the neck itself, after a frantic search for the same all around on account of the delusion that the necklace was lost).

---

Verse 45:
piramaththiR cIvan pirAndhiyAR kattai
purudanpOR kaRpidhan poyyA - muruvaththin
dRaththuvam yAdhendRu thANuNari navvuruvam
vaththuvA gAdhu madhi 45

Transliteration

"(1) By delusion the individual soul is 'he, the superimposed one' in
Brahman (the
Supreme Self),
(2) like the stick-man (stick appearing as a man in twilight)
(3) If (one)self perceives as to what is the principle of the form,
(4) that form will not become the (objective) thing", regard thus.

---

Verse 46:
tathvaso rUpAnu bhUthiyAtR tRAnudhi
yuththama gyAna mudanEyam - miththaiyA
nAnenadhag gyAna nasippikkun dhikbhiramai
bhAnuvudha yaththenavE pAr

Transliteration

"(1) The Supreme Wisdom,
(2) rising only by the direct cognition of one's own natural true state,
(3) will instantly destroy that unreal(!) ignorance of "I" and "Mine",
(4) (akin to) the directional delusion (disappearing) with the rise of the
Sun", see thus.

---

Verse 47:
nandRu thanaiyaRivijn jnAniyAm yOgiyu
mondRumelAn thanni luRuvadhai - yondRAna
thAnellA mAyuLadhaith thanjnAnak kaNNinAR
tRAnkANba nendRE thari.

Transliteration

"(1) Even the (merging) yogi, who is(!) the Truly(!) Wise,
knowing the Bliss (it)self, will see,
(2) "the 'merging all' abiding in (him)Self",
(3) "(him)self, who became the One, abiding having become the All",
(4) only by his Eye of Wisdom", thus(!) hold within.

---

Verse 48:
AnmAvE yivvulagamel lAmAgu maRpamu
mAnmAvuk kanniya mAyillai - yanmAvAyk
kANbanel lAmung gatAdhigaLmaN NinvERAyk
kANbadhu muNdO kazhaRu.

Transliteration

(1) The Self alone is all this universe.
(2) Even an atom is not apart from the Self.
(3) "He, who sees all as the Self,
(4) does (his) seeing, the 'pots and the like' apart from the mud, (ever) exist?", affirm.

---

Verse 49:
cIvanmuk thanvidhvAn thEruvadhan mundRannai
mEvu mupadhiguNam vittudanE - mEvuvAn
tRannurusach chiththinbaith thAnkIdam vaNdinuruth
thannaiyuRal pOlath thaRi

Transliteration

"(1)  Before ascertaining 'a Liberated Soul and a Wise One' (for getting trained in apprehending the Self),
(2)  giving up the attribute of delimiting adjunct adjoining oneself,
(3)  he will instantly adjoin the 'Self-Form' of the 'Satchitananda' alone,
(4)  like the (bee-)worm happening to adjoin the bee-form itself," thus steadfastly hold within.

---

Verse 50:
mOgak kadalkadandhu mULAsai kopamudha
lAgu marakka raRakkonRu - yOgi
yamaidhi yodukUdi yAnmAvi ninbath
thamaindhoLirva nendRE yaRi

Transliteration

"1)  Having cut (across) so as to end,
 2)  the demons 'with desire and anger as the first (among them)',
 3)  welling up with the measure of the ocean of delusion having ended,
 4) the Yogi having merged with Peace, will shine abiding in the Bliss of the Self," know thus.

---

Verse 51:
aniththaveLi yinbichchai yaRRAnA yAnmA
thaninbit Riruththi thanaiyuR - Ranisamun
thannoLi yARkudan thannuL viLakkenath
thannuLE thAnoLirvan RAn.

Transliteration

" 1)  With the 'inconstant outer happiness craving' having ceased,
  2)   transforming (it) into the Love of the Self, attaining to the Self,
  3)   incessantly by the Light of the Self,as 'a lamp within a pot',
  4)  within (one)self(!) alone, 'He, the Self' will shine."

---

Verse 52:
upAdhiyut RAnEnu mottAviN  pOlav
vupadhitharu mangaLO dottA - nupAdhiyilAn
muRRaRiva nEnumuni mUdanena vAyupOR
paRRaRRuch chancharip pAn

Transliteration

" 1)   Even if He is 'the One having attained to the delimiting adjunct (of
         body-consciousness)', like the non-attaching sky ,
  2)    to the delimiting adjuncts of virtues, will not attach (Himself),
         'He, the One without delimiting adjunct'.
  3)    Even though knowing the End (of such body-consciousness), the sage, as a fool, like air,
  4)    with attachment having ceased, will move about

---

Verse 53:
upAdhinA saththA luRuvAn muniva
nupAdhiyil vishNuvi nuLLE - yabEdhamE
thoyaththiR Royamun thUviNNi lEviNNun
thIyiRRI yumpOlath thEr

Transliteration

" 1)   The sage will attain, by the destruction of the delimiting adjunct
(of ego),
   2)   into(!) the adjunctless 'All-pervading One',
   3)  (there is only) non-differentiation(!), like water in water,
   4)  space in pure space(!) and fire in fire," thus attain to clarity

---

Verse 54:
evvadai viRpiRi dhedhumadai dhaRkinRO
vevvinbi niRpiRi dhinbinRO - vevvarivu
thanniR piRidhaRivu thAninRA mOvadhu
thannaip piramamenach chAr

Transliteration

" 1)   In which attainment, is not any other to attain,
   2)  In which bliss, is not another bliss,
   3)  In which awareness-Self, other-awareness alone becomes (!)
non-existent,
   4)  That Self adjoin as Brahman."

---

Verse 55:
edhukANak kAndaR kedhuvumE yinRO
vedhuvAna pinsanma minRo - vedhuvaRindha
pinnaRiyath thakka piRidhOr poruLinRO
vannadhu thAnpirama mAm

Transliteration

" 1)   Seeing which, for seeing, (there) is not anything at all,
   2)  after becoming which, (there) is not any birth,
   3)  after knowing which, is not any other one thing fit for (one's)
knowing,
   4)  that kind of a thing alone, yes(!), is Brahman."

---

Verse 56:
edhukuRukku mElkIzhA menguniRai vAgu
medhusachchith thinbiraN dilla - dhedhanantham
niththamA yondrAy nigazhvadhedhu vAghumav
vaththu pirama madhi. 56.

Transliteration

" 1) That which is filling everywhere down, up and across,
2) That which is non-dual existence-knowledge-bliss, that which is
endless,
3) That which shines as the One Eternal,
4) That thing is 'Brahman' "
regard thus.

---

Verse 57:
Edhazhivil lAdha dhedaiyandRen RandRendRE
vEdha mudivu viLakkidum - yAdhond
RakaNdavin bAgi yamarumadhu thAnE
thigazhum biraman theLi.

Transliteration

" 1) That(!) which not having destruction,
2) that which the Vedic conclusion explains only as 'not this, not
this',
3) that which one abides becoming the vast bliss,
4) that is the self-shining Brahman."
know thus.

---

Verse 58:
akaNda sukhamaya vAnmAvi laRpa
sugaththai yaduththE surarAyth - thigazhum
pirmAdhi yEnOr piRanguvarin butRuth
tharAthara mAgath thari.       

Transliteration

" 1)    In the unbroken Self full of bliss,
   2)   adjoining 'short-lived mortal' joy,
   3)   those 'others beginning from Brahma' abiding as celestials,
   4)   will shine attaining joy as a clan,"
thus hold within." 

---

Verse 59:
adhanidath thuLLa dhakilamunch cheygai
yadhaiyaduth thuLLadhE yAgu - madhanAR
paravidu mellAm paramporuL pAlil
viravidu neypOla vE       

Transliteration

" 1)  'All only' are in That.
   2)  Right conduct 'abides only' adjoining That.
   3)  All 'abide extending' by That.
   4)  The Supreme Being is only like the ghee 'surging' in milk."

---

Verse 60:
parumaiyu nuNmaiyuR paththi vinAsang
kurugalu nItchiyung kUdA - dhuruvang
gunankula nAmamung koLLAma luLLa
dhuNarga birammamend RutRu   

Transliteration

" 1)  Measurable fullness, immeasurable smallness,
        manifestation, demanifestation,
        contraction and expansion
        without adjoining -
   2)  form, attribute,
        type and name
        without accepting,
   3)  that which abides,
   4)  is Brahman." thus perceive enquiring (into It).

---

Verse 61:
edhanoLiyi nAllLiru mEyiravi yAdhi
yedhanai yavaiyoLirkka vElA - dhedhanAlE
yindhavula gellA milagu madhuthAnE
yandhap pirama maRi.        .

Transliteration

" 1)  By the Light of which Sun, etc., shine,
   2) which they 'are not fit to and cannot' illumine,
   3) by which(!) all this landspace abides shining,
   4) that itself(!) is That Brahman.",
know thus.

---

Verse 62:
oLirndhulaga mellAndthA nuLveLivi yApith
thoLirndhidu mappirama mOrvA -yoLiru
neruppiniR kAyndhangi nEroLiru mandah
viruppuNdai yaippOla vE         62


" 1)  That Brahman (which is) Illumining, (It)self pervading inside (and)
outside all universe, (and) shining,
   2)  Know to be only like the dull ball of iron that shines like fire,
having got roasted in fire."

---

Verse 63:
pirama mulagiR piRidhAgu mandhap
piramath thaNuvil piRidhAy - piramaththR
kanniya mEdhu mavirndhA ladhumiththai
yunnuga kAnanI roththu.       

Transliteration

" 1)  Brahman is different from the world.
   2)  In that subtlety of Brahman 'becoming different',
   3)  if anything shines apart from Brahman,
   4)  'that is illusion, akin to mirage'.",
think thus.  

---

Verse 64:
edhuvedhu kANavung kEtkavu mEyu
madhupiramath thanniya mAgA - dhadhuvumE
thaththuvajna naththinAR satchidA nandamA
madhdhuvi dhabbirama mAm       

Transliteration

" 1)  Whichever (thing) will abide adjoining (us, for us) to see and hear,
   2)  that will not be apart from Brahman.
   3)  Even that, by the Wisdom of the Principle
        (of Brahman underlying it and the its seer)
        is(!) Satchidananda
        (the continuum embodying the 3 aspects of Brahman,
        namely, Existence, Knowledge and Bliss), and
   4)  is(!) the non-dual Brahman."

---

Verse 65:
saruvaththunj chArndhadhAnch chachchidhA nandhap
piramaththai jnAnakkaN petRAn - dRarisippAn
jnAnakkaN NillAdhA naNNANE kAtchiyoLir
BAnuvaiyan dhanpOlap pAr.    65.

Transliteration
 
" 1) The one who obtained the Eye of Wisdom,
 will behold (the Vision of) Brahman,
   2) the Satchidananda (Existence-Knowledge-Bliss) adjoining everything.
   3) The one who does not have the Eye of Wisdom,
 will not obtain(!) (Brahman, for beholding as the very Self),
   4) see (understand) like the blind man (not obtaining the Vision of)
 the Sun of shining appearance right in front."

---

Verse 66:
chiravaNa mAdhigaLAt ResuRu jnAna
veriyiniR kAychchi yedukkach - charuva
malamumpOych chIvan maRuvilpon pOnir
malanAgith thAnoLir vAn.       

Transliteration

" 1) When steadfastly roasted in the fire of Wisdom,
   2)     forming and rising through 'hearing' and the like,
   3) with all the impurities dissipating, becoming 'He, the blemishless'
like stainless gold,
  4) the individual will shine HimSelf."

---

Verse 67:
idhayaveLi thondRi  yiruLaiyazhi jnAna
vudhayaravi yAnmA voLiRu - nidhamumE
yellAvat Rumparavi yellAmun thAnginind
RellA moLirvikku meN.   

Transliteration

"  1) Rising in the unhidden space of the Heart,
   2) the Ignorance-destroying-Wisdom-Dawn,
   3) of the Sun-Self will shine constantly(!)
   4) (It, the Self) will illumine all, abidingly sustaining all and
pervading all."
think thus.

---

Verse 68:
thikkidang kAlamudha REdAma lendRumeth
thikkumArndh dhEkuLirmun dRIrppadhA - yekkaLangu
matRanith yAnandha vAnmathIrth thaththuttOy
vutRRava nArseygai yondRindRi - matRRavan
yAvu maRindhOnA yenguniRain dhAramirdha
nAva nenavE yaRi.       

Transliteration

" 1) Without aggregating direction, place, time, etc.,
   2) abiding at all times in all directions,
   3) resolving the freezing mental-mark of the fear of death,
   4) He, the One, who attained to sinking inside the holy waters of the Self,
   5) which is bereft of any blemish and is eternally Blissful,
   6) without (there being) any one action for undertaking,
   7) He, the One, who otherwise knew everything,
   8) will become the leftover life-giving immortal sweet medicine,
   9)  abiding with shortfall ceasing everywhere.",
know thus(!)

By the Grace of Sri Bhagawan, the translation of Atma Bodha got completed.

End

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